Michael Caulfield's work is based on research conducted by Dr. Sam Wineburg and his research team from the Stanford History Education Group. Their findings demonstrate that students are unfamiliar with basic fact-checking techniques that would allow them to verify the information they read online.
Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning This report is an executive summary of the Stanford History Education Group's project that researched students' ability to evaluate information they read online (and its disturbing findings).
Web Literacy for Student Fact Checkers This short, open source book by author Michael Caulfield provides alternative, web-native approaches to news literacy and fact-checking. It is also available as a PDF.
Recognition Is Futile: Why Checklist Approaches to Information Literacy Fail and What To Do About It An argument for moving away from web evaluation checklists to a lateral searching approach.