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Celebrating Naomi Anderson

This project received support from a Preserving Women’s Legacy Grant, a program of the Indiana Women’s Suffrage Centennial presented by Indiana Humanities and the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs through funding from the state of Indiana.

Newspaper Index

“The Chicago Convention. A Colored Woman’s Voice.” The Revolution, 4 March 1869, p. 139. The Revolution Newspaper Collection. Lewis & Clark Special Collections and Archives, Lewis & Clark College, Portland, OR., 13 Jan 2022.  Begins: “The colored women, of all other American women, should be devoted to the cause of Suffrage. One appeared in the recent Chicago Convention to the following effect:” Naomi Anderson’s speech at Chicago Women’s Rights Convention, March 1869, in the Chicago Public Library Meeting Hall: “I present myself to you as a composition of humanity, for there flows through my veins a combination of the blood of four distinct nations, of which the greater part is Dutch, part Indian, part African and the lesser part Irish. I am an American, because here I was born….Miss Anthony and Mrs. Stanton, with their high moral and intellectual power, have shaken the states of New England, and the shock is felt here today….and soon the whole world will be awakened to a sense of the value and importance of our cause.”

“Male vs. Female Suffrage. Letter from a Colored Lady.” Chicago Tribune, 8 March 1869, p. 4. Newspapers.com Letter to the editor of the Chicago Tribune….“A few words to colored male citizens…I am a strong advocate of woman’s suffrage…and I say that you who have ever been oppressed, you who are clamoring for your rights, should be the last ones to oppose universal suffrage…”

“Personal and Local Items of News.” Wichita Daily Eagle, 27 May 1884, p. 4., or “Mrs. Naomi Anderson, a colored lady in this city, is a professional hairdresser, and will hold herself in readiness to arrange the coiffures of a number of ladies on ball and other society occasions. Mrs. A. is a very bright and intelligent woman.”

Untitled news article. Wichita New Republic, 4 Dec. 1884, p. 5. Newspapers.com or “Naomi Anderson…has drawn on silk a beautifully designed map of Sedgwick County…it was sent to the World’s Exposition at New Orleans, altogether with a number of original poems printed on card board.”

“The Affro-American Mission.” Wichita Daily Call, 30 March 1887, p. 1. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson gave an introductory address before entertainment given by the Affro-American Mission.

“Locals.” Wichita Globe, 13 May 1887, p. 4. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson is baptized.

“W.C.T.U. Echoes.” Wichita Beacon, 26 Nov 1887, p. 4. Newspapers.com or Report of WCTU meeting. Naomi Anderson was elected Chairman. She stated “The shackles of slavery were broken by the hand of Abraham Lincoln. It now remains for the colored people to free themselves from the shackles of intemperance.”

“W.C.T.U. Notes.” The Wichita Daily Eagle, 29 Nov. 1887, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Mrs. Naomi Anderson is chairman of a newly-formed temperance association.

“In Good Condition.” The Evening News-Beacon (Wichita, KS), 17 Nov 1888, p. 1. Newspapers.com or  W.C.T.U. two day convention of Sedgwick County Temperance Union. Naomi Anderson led discussion “How Shall We Interest Our Colored Sisters?”

“W.C.T.U. Convention.” The Wichita Daily Eagle, 20 November 1888, p. 5. Newspapers.com or “Mrs. Naomi Anderson represented the interests of the colored sisters in an able paper. She showed that the wisdom of the ages had not by any means been confined to the white race, and that at the present day many of ‘sable hue’ were in every respect the peers of those of the ‘paler shade.’ “

“W.C.T.U. Convention.” Wichita Weekly Eagle, 23 Nov. 1888,  Nov. 23, 1888, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson presented an able paper at the W.C.T.U. convention.

Rastall, F. H. “Work Among Colored People.” Our Messenger (Topeka, KS), 1 Dec. 1888. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson is endorsed by W.C.T.U. to represent and speak for them. Contact NA for terms for speaking terms at 817 S. Water Street, Wichita, KS.

“Mr. Whitman’s Reception.” The Mirror (Wichita, KS), 20 April 1889. Newspapers.com or Poet Albery Whitman was introduced by Naomi Anderson.

“Sedgwick County Convention.” Our Messenger (Topeka, KS), 1 June 1889, p. 3. Newspapers.com or Report of Sedgwick County WTCU Convention. “Naomi Anderson presented an earnest plea in behalf of her colored sisters, that means be furnished to educate them into the gospel of temperance.”

“Real Estate Transfers.” The Wichita Daily Journal, 10 March 1890, p. 1. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson transferred to B.F. McLean 11 to 17 block 14 Orchard Grove addition for $100.

“Colored Mass Meeting.” The Wichita Daily Eagle, 20 January 1891, p 5. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson was elected a delegate to attend a state convention in Topeka, KS, to “will exert every honorable means to prohibit discriminating school legislation.”

“No Division Wanted.” Wichita Beacon, 20 January 1891, p. 4. Newspapers.com or Mass meeting in Wichita to fight segregation in schools. Naomi Anderson elected delegate to Kansas state convention.

“Local Lore.” The Kansas Star (Wichita, KS), 24 January 1891, p. 8. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson opposed to system of separate schools. Same article as Wichita Daily Eagle, 20 January 1891, p. 5.

“Town Topics.” The Wichita Daily Beacon, 11 Dec. 1891, pg. 4. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson is suing the city for personal injury.

Untitled article. Sumner City Standard (Wellington, KS), 28 Jul 1892 p. 12. Newspapers.com or “ ‘One of Afro-America’s grandest women’ will deliver a lecture on the subject ‘Justify Your Daughters.’ “

“Appeal for the Black Lambs.” Wichita Daily Eagle, 22 Nov 1892, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Letter to the Editor from Naomi Anderson, President of Colored Children’s Home. Appeal for Thanksgiving donations for the Colored Children’s Home.

“The Colored Children’s Home.” The Wichita Daily Eagle, 24 January 1893, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Report of the Board meeting of the orphanage at which Naomi Anderson was elected president. “The past year has been full of trials and difficulties…The present building is very old and the owner thereof deem further rapair useless.”

Untitled news snippet. The Kansas Commoner (Wichita, KS), 3 Aug. 1893, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Emancipation Day was celebrated at Riverside Park, with addresses given by Naomi Anderson and others.

“Emancipation Day.” The Western Methodist (Wichita, KS), 19 August 1893. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson delivered an Emancipation Day address and Columbian Poem.

“Sat Down on Boyd.” The Wichita Daily Eagle, 19 Dec. 1893, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson could see nothing practicable in his plans to segregate public schools.

“Mrs. Anderson Objects.” The Wichita Daily Eagle, 23 Dec 1893, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson defends herself against gross misrepresentations by Mr. Boyd, published in the last issue of The Eagle. Additionally, on the school segregation issue, Naomi Anderson stated: “I am opposed to separate churches, schools, barber shops, or separate anything  that makes us a separate people. I do not believe that a people amalgamated as we are can be a separated people. We are bone and flesh of every nationality of white men in America, and we have no more right to denounce our white fathers than we have to denounce our black mothers; and we are the sons and daughters of some of the wisest and best men who ever sat in the legislative halls of this country. Therefore I believe it to be for the best good of my class of people to fight down all color line. It is their indispensable duty to do so; educate their children, fit them for the best positions in life, and then wait patiently.”

“Cases Set.” The Wichita Daily Eagle, 30 January 1894, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson vs. City of Wichita docketed for March 12.

“Notice.” Winfield Daily Courier (Winfield, KS), 12 May 1894, p. 2. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson delivered lecture last evening on Women’s Suffrage. “Mrs. Anderson, as a lecturer, has a national reputation…She has a pleasing and convincing manner…she is cultured and refined, with a well-informed mind and a retentive memory…she read an original poem which was very fine. Shen then gave a recitation for the amusement of the young people. May success crown the efforts that Mrs. Anderson is putting forth in the interest of her own race, and may it be our privilege to here [sic] Mrs. Anderson again in the near future.”

“Will Speak on Suffrage.” The Kansas City Gazette (Kansas City, KS), 11 August 1894, p. 1. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson will deliver an address on the suffrage amendment from a race standpoint.

“Populists Roasted.” The Kansas City Times (Kansas City, MO), 11 August 1891. Report on Naomi Anderson’s suffrage lecture at Opera House. “She had little to say for Populists – among the things she said: “We are not colored people. We are Americans and nothing more. If we were colored we would have to be dipped in a paint pot and colored. We are neither Negroes, colored people nor African Americans. We are Americans. We are not God’s people if we feel race prejudice. I have studied the race question since I was nine years old…you cannot vote for Populists unless they open their organizations to you.”

“A Noted Speaker.” Emporia Gazette (Emporia, KS), 15 Aug 1894, p. 4. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson will address the colored people this evening. (Then quotes from an article in Kansas City Journal).

“A Noted Speaker.” The Weekly Gazette (Emporia, KS), 15 Aug 1894, p. 4., or Naomi Anderson will deliver a lecture at the Colored Christian Church.

Untitled news snippet. Emporia Daily Tidings (Emporia, KS), 15 Aug 1894. Newspapers.com or “Naomi Anderson will give free Suffrage lecture at the colored Christian church at 8th and Congress Wednesday evening.”

“Emancipation Day.” The Topeka State Journal, 21 Sept 1894, Night Edition, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Plans for Emancipation Day celebration. Naomi Anderson will speak at the park after the parade.

Untitled article. The Daily Tidings (Emporia, KS), 30 September 1894, p. 1. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson will speak at four churches.

“New Lodge Instituted.” The Wichita Daily Eagle, 3 January 1895, p. 5. Newspapers.com or A circle of the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic was organized in Wichita, composed of the wives, daughters, mothers and sisters of the colored ex-soldiers of the late war. Naomi Anderson was inducted into the order, as her brother served and died in Company I, 3, U.S.C. She was elected Senior Vice President and delegate to department convention.

“Brevities and Personals.” The Western Methodist (Wichita, KS), 02 May 1895, p. 8. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson will deliver a lecture on the race problem.

Untitled news article. The Wichita Times, 4 May 1895, p. 1. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson will deliver lecture on The Solution to the Race Question at Garfield Hall. Proceeds of the lecture will be donated to the Charles Robinson Circle of Ladies of the G.A.R.

“Mrs. Naomi Anderson’s Lecture.” The Kansas Star (Wichita, KS), 1 June 1895, p. 1. Newspapers.com or

“Wants a New Name.” The Evening Bee (Sacramento, CA), 11 December 1895, p. 7. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson lectures and sees a “solution to the race problem by using term “Americans of color.” Makes several Biblical references. “Her race is weighed down by the name Negro, which means inferior as well as black.”

“The Suffrage Convention.” Sacramento Daily Record-Union, 31 May 1896, p. 4. Newspapers.com or State Suffrage Association Convention. First paper was read by “Mrs. Naomi Anderson, the colored suffrageevangelist, who states “the daughters of today want the ballot because it is power and will give them social equality.” Miss Anna Shaw was keynote speaker.

“A Colored Lady Orator.” San Francisco Call, 23 July 1896, p. 7., or “Mrs. Naomi Anderson Is To Lecture Here on Woman Suffrage. Miss Anthony Will Speak Today in Oakland at the Salvation Army Mass Meeting. “ “Visitors to the Woman Suffrage Bureau are daily more numerous. Miss Naomi Anderson, an eloquent colored orator and an ardent apostle of the cause, will lecture in San Francisco every night this week and in Oakland the week following, after which she will commence a lecture tour of the interior.”

“To Stump the State.” San Francisco Examiner, 23 July 1896, p. 14. Newspapers.com or “Miss Naomi Anderson…has been engaged by the suffragists to stump the State in the interests of equal rights.”

“A Colored Disciple of Susan B. Anthony.” San Francisco Examiner, 26 July 1896, p. 11. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson was engaged by State Suffrage Association to lecture throughout California. Excellent bio includes at Chicago Convention “African American men resented her call of women’s suffrage before African American men had suffrage”. Also, “prominent in Kansas Campaign two years ago, and the 1880 campaign in Ohio. She has started several orphanages”….born in Michigan City, Indiana and educated in its public schools. She is an eloquent speaker, but never studied elocution or received any training.”

“A New Apostle to the Negroes.” San Francisco Call, 26 Jul 1896, p. 10. Newspapers.com or Lengthy article prior to her six week lecture tour, very complimentary. “A long lecture tour to commence here…a woman of commanding presence” including Naomi Anderson quotes “If I can serve the cause I love, I ask no greater happiness.”””

“City News in Brief.” San Francisco Call, 28 July 1896, p. 7. Newspapers.com or “Naomi Anderson and Susan B. Anthony spoke at a suffrage meeting of colored folks last night.” (Same article as San Francisco Chronicle, 28 July 1896, p. 9.)

“Colored Women Want Suffrage.” San Francisco Chronicle, 28 July 1896, p. 9. Newspapers.com “Colored Women Want Suffrage. They Pass Resolutions. Meeting Addressed by Naomi Anderson. Miss Anthony Also Makes a Speech – An Unconverted Auditor. Naomi Anderson spoke on “Colored Women Want Suffrage” along with Susan B. Anthony at the Third Baptist Church in Sacramento.

“Friends of Suffrage.” San Francisco Call, 30 July, 1896, p. 7. Newspapers.com or “Mrs. Naomi Anderson is achieving good results at Women’s Suffrage Bureau.”

“Will Stump for Female Suffrage. A Colored Female Orator.” The Chicago Chronicle, 3 Aug 1896, p. 10. Newspapers.com or Will stump for female suffrage in California. Includes sketch of Naomi Anderson.

“For Woman Suffrage.” The Topeka State Journal (Topeka, KS), 5 Aug 1896, p. 8. Newspapers.com or “A Colored Woman Doing Good Work in California. Chicago, Aug. 5. – The first woman’s rights convention ever held in the west assembled in this city in 1869. Among those who took an active part in that gathering was Mrs. Naomi Anderson, a colored woman. Ever since then she has labored in the cause…she began her campaign work last week in San Francisco.”

“Colored Suffragists.” San Francisco Call, 6 Aug 1896, p. 5. Newspapers.com or “Much interest is being stirred up by Mrs. Naomi Anderson’s lectures in Oakland.” Followed by article about Susan B. Anthony.

“Suffrage Workers.” Los Angeles Record, 11 August 1896, p. 3. Naomi Anderson to assist the campaign for women’s suffrage. Newspapers.com or She is in Los Angeles as a delegate to the Afro-American Congress Convention.”

“Afro-Americans.” The Evening Express (Los Angeles, CA), 12 Aug 1896, p. 1. Newspapers.com or Report on Afro-American Congress in Los Angeles. Naomi Anderson was present as a distinguished guest.

“A Lively Day. Disputatious Delegates at the Afro-American Congress.” Los Angeles Times, 13 Aug 1896, p. 9. The Afro-American Congress Convention in Los Angeles “formally announced the presence in the room of Mrs. Naomi Anderson.”,  She received a standing ovation and was conducted to a place on the platform.

“Slates Ready.” The Evening Express (Los Angeles, CA), 14 Aug 1896, p. 1. Newspapers.com or Report of Afro-American Congress Convention held in Los Angeles, August 1896. “Mrs. Naomi Anderson, who is in the South in the interests of the Suffrage cause, spoke a few words with the consent of the convention, somewhat reluctantly given. Mrs. Anderson opposed the word Afro-American. She believed in plain American citizenship. Quite a discussion followed her remarks.”

“Colored Woman Suffragists.” The Gazette (York, PA), 23 August 1896. Report of Naomi Anderson’s suffrage campaign in California, with sketch. Expands on Kansas Democrat article of 29 October 1896.

“Mrs. Anderson Leads Her Race in the Fight for the Ballot.” Buffalo Evening News, 25 Aug 1896, p. 3. Newspapers.com or “Mrs. Anderson leads her race in the fight for the ballot in California.” Includes sketch of Naomi Anderson.

Untitled news snippet. The Wichita Daily Eagle, 28 Aug 1896, p. 4. Newspapers.com or “Mrs. Naomi Anderson, the colored lady of Wichita, is leading the Equal Suffrage campaign in California. We always told you Mrs. Lease wasn’t our entire stock of that brand.”

“A Colored Woman on the Stump.” The Akron Beacon and Republican, 17 Oct 1896, p. 5. Newspapers.com or Report of Naomi Anderson’s suffrage campaign in California, with sketch.

“A Colored Woman on the Stump.” Kansas Democrat (Hiawatha, KS), 29 Oct 1896, p. 2. Newspapers.com or Report of Naomi Anderson’s suffrage campaign in California, with sketch. “The campaign of the woman suffragists goes merrily on in California. The latest feature of the fight of the women in that state for full franchise is an attempt to stir up the colored women. Mrs. Naomi Anderson has charge of this part of the work. She is a matronly looking colored woman who has been for years identified with the suffragists, and she possesses a natural gift of oratory that has made her work particularly effective in the past and valuable in the present. Mrs. Anderson has been engaged by the California State Suffrage association to stump the state. Mrs. Anderson is a resident of Sacramento. She was the first colored woman to advocate suffrage for her sex, having spoken at the first women’s rights meeting that was held in the west.” (See also Akron Beacon Journal, 17 October 1896, for same article.)

“A Colored Woman on the Stump.” The Sentinel (Carlisle, PA), 04 Nov 1896, p. 4. Newspapers.com or An article about the California suffrage movement. Naomi Anderson was engaged to stump the entire state of California.

“Sewing Women are Acting in Harmony.” San Francisco Call, 25 July 1898, p. 7. Newspapers.com or Report of progress from the directors of the newly-incorporated Woman’s Sewing Company, including Naomi Anderson. Lists the objectives of the corporation. 20,000 shares of stock will be issued at $1.00 each.

“Discussed Status of the Negro Citizen.” San Francisco Examiner, 19 Dec. 1898, p. 3. Newspapers.com or One speaker said the U.S. is hypocritical, and he opposed Negro enlistment in the US Army to fight in Cuba while their brothers are being hanged by mobs in America. Naomi Anderson stated that she has seven sons, three of whom are U.S. soldiers. “We must alter bad effects by changing their causes. To uplift a race we must elevate the mothers. We must look to the fathers to lift the stigma from the mothers.

“Anderson.” San Francisco Call, 10 June 1899, p. 14. Newspapers.com or Naomi Anderson’s obituary. “In this city, June 9, 1899. Naomi, beloved wife of Louis Anderson, and mother of Rhodes Talbert and Jessie, Orval and Garland Anderson, a native of Indiana, aged 56 years. Friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited to attend the funeral this day (Sunday) at 1:30 pm, from Bethel M.E. Church. Remains at the parlors of the California Undertaking Company, 405 Powell Street, corner of Post. Interment Laurel Hill Cemetery.”