More information on reference variations not shown here (e.g., in-press articles, articles with article numbers, articles without DOIs, books with titled volumes,
audiobooks) can be found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.) and in the Concise Guide to APA Style (7th ed.):
Use this flowchart to determine when to include DOIs, URLs, or database information for your reference citations. The notation “Ex: 1, 2...” refers to a few relevant examples in Chapter 7 of the 6th ed. of the APA Publication Manual (see also pp. 188–192).
If you have bibliographic data for an item and would like to find the DOI, please use the metadata section of this form.
If you only have an article title and author, please use the article title search section of this form.
If you have the text of a bibliographic reference, please use our automatic parsing service on this page.
If you are a developer and wish to submit a raw XML query use the XML form section of this page.
Create a formatted bibliography for your paper or cite references while you write. Locate citations Microsoft Word (requires plug-in) with the Cite While You Write™ technology (patent pending). Format papers in other word processors using RTF (rich text format) files. Create an independent bibliography list that can be saved, emailed or printed instantly